Bladder Information

Bladder Information

Normal bladder capacity is 400-600 ml

Types of incontinence:

Stress incontinence: leakage of small amounts of urine with increased intra abdominal pressure or physical exertion

Urge incontinence: leakeage of urine from inability to delay voiding long enough to reach the toilet after urge to void is perceived; the bladder contracts when you don’t want it to contract

Mixed incontinence: combination of both urge and stress incontinence

Overflow incontinence: bladder cannot empty completely

Six to eight glasses of liquid a day are recommended for bladder and body health.  Too little or too much can cause problems.  Too little fluid concentrates the urine causing it to irritate the bladder and the bladder decreases in size due to decreased fluid intake.  When the bladder is irritated, the frequency of urination increases, as does leaking.

Caffeine is a bladder and nervous system irritant.  Sometimes, eliminating caffeine from your diet can significantly decrease incontinence.  Alcohol, citrus foods, spicy foods, artificial sweeteners are also an irritants for the bladder.

Normal voiding if every 2-4 hours during the day.  The frequency of voiding indicates the irritability of the bladder.  Frequent voiding can decrease the size of the bladder, thus increasing the number of times the individual must toilet each day.  Going to the bathroom “just in case” causes the bladder to “learn” to empty before it is full and that also increases irritability of the bladder.

Individuals under the age of 65 should not have to get up at night to void.

No straining or pushing is normal for voiding.

Medications can contribute to incontinence.  These medications include: diuretics, pain relievers, antihistamines, anticholinergics, cold remedies, antipsychotics, antidepressants, sedatives.